Thought for the day

"Nothing can now be believed which is seen in a newspaper. Truth itself becomes suspicious by being put into that polluted vehicle. The real extent of this state of misinformation is known only to those who are in situations to confront facts within their knowledge with the lies of the day. I really look with commiseration over the great body of my fellow citizens, who, reading newspapers, live and die in the belief that they have known something of what has been passing in the world." -- Thomas Jefferson, to John Norvell, June 14, 1807



The American Civil War lasted only four years from 1861 to 1865 and is often referred to as the War between the States. This was the event where the 11 southern states that supported slavery declared their succession from the United States and announced the formation of the Confederate States of America.


The result of the Civil War was the decisive defeat of the Confederate States of America and the final restoration of their position in the United States.


The time period immediately after the Civil War was known as Reconstruction, a time marked by turmoil, violence, and much conflict and controversy. The Reconstruction era was not a peaceful time, there were large numbers of people who tried to take advantage of the vulnerable South.


The biggest result was the end of slavery. The 13th Amendment called for an end to slavery, and it was in support of President Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation. In addition, the 14th and 15th amendments to the Constitution were also passed by Congress and ratified by the states, becoming law.


The 13th Amendment effectively made the law an end to slavery throughout the United States. The 14th Amendment was enacted stating that federal legal protection is available to all United States citizens, regardless of race, color, or creed. This was a new policy and came as part of the consequences and consequences of the Civil War.